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This vital wetland plant community is located in geographically protected marshes, lagoons and estuaries. The plants in this community are heavily affected by daily tidal swings and salt tolerance. This once prevalent habitat and plant community has been largely destroyed but extraordinary efforts are being made to re-introduce and restore these precious habitats. Coastal marshes are integral in providing habitat for migratory waterfowl, act as a final cleanse for freshwater making its way to the sea, and provide a buffer for rising sea levels and sea surges in heavy storms.
Common Plants of the Coastal Marsh
|Associated & Transition Trees||Dominant Shrubs, Perennials & Grasses|
|Alnus oregona, Red Alder||Atriplex species, Dune Sedge
|Alnus rhombifolia, White Alder
||Carex praegracilis, Clustered Field Sedge|
|Pinus radiata, Monterey Pine
||Distichils spicata, Salt Grass|
|Salix hookeriana, Dune Willow||Myrica californica, Wax Myrtle|
|Salix scouleriana, Scouler's Wilow||Salicornia species, Pickleweed|
|Spartina foliosa, California Cordgrass|
Note: The above lists note some species found in coastal marsh communities locatated throughout the state. A combination of these plants, not necessarily all, will constitute the dominant plant material in this specific plant community. This information is intended to be a primer on the plant communites in California. View this article for information on references and further reading.
Designates plant occurs in Riparian area.