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Dominated by rapidly draining soils with little organic content, this plant community grows above pine/fir forests and represents the transition zone before reaching the tree line. Long, frozen winters and short summer growing seasons demand hearty plants able to cope with drastic temperature swings and adverse moisture conditions. However, the extreme environment also produces some of the most delicate annuals in areas with perennial moisture.

Associated Native Trees:

  • Abies magnifica
  • Juniperus occidentalis
  • Pinus balfouriana
  • Pinus flexilis
  • Pinus monticola


Associated Native Plants:

  • Aquilegia pubescens
  • Penstemon heterodoxus


Plant Communitiy Photos

  • img_1308web.jpg